Culture of China

The Culture of China is home to one of the world's oldest and most complex civilizations. China boasts a history rich in over 5,000 years of artistic, philosophical, political, and scientific advancement. Though regional differences provide a sense of diversity, commonalities in language and religion connect a culture distinguished by such significant contributions such as Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of Imperial China's history and strongly influenced other countries in East Asia. Mastery of Confucian texts provided the primary criterion for entry into the imperial bureaucracy.

With the rise of Western economic and military power beginning in the mid-19th century, Western systems of social and political organization gained adherents in China. Some of these would-be reformers rejected China's cultural legacy, while others sought to combine the strengths of Chinese and Western cultures.

China is a unified nation consisting of many different ethnic groups. Fifty-six different ethnic groups make up the great Chinese national family. Because the Han people accounts for more than ninety percent of China's population, the remaining fifty-five groups are generally referred to as "ethnic minorities." Next to the majority Han, the Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, and Uygur peoples comprise the largest ethnic groups. Although China's ethnic minorities do not account for a large portion of the population, they are distributed over a vast area, residing in every corner of China.

Particularly since the implementation of China's opening and reform policy, the central government has increased investment in minority areas and accelerated their opening to the outside world. This has resulted in an upsurge of economic development in these areas. Each of China's ethnic minority groups possesses a distinctive culture. The Chinese government respects minority customs, and works to preserve, study, and collate the cultural artifacts of China's ethnic minority groups. The government vigorously supports the development of minority culture and the training of minority cultural workers, and fosters the development of traditional minority medicine.

The relation among China's ethnic groups can be described as "overall integration, local concentration, mutual interaction." Concentrations of ethnic minorities reside within predominantly Han areas, and the Han people also reside in minority areas, indicating that there has been extensive exchanges among China's ethnic groups since ancient times. With the development of the market economy, interaction among ethnic groups has become even more active in the areas of government, economics, culture, daily life, and marriage. Linked by interdependence, mutual assistance, and joint development, their common goals and interests creating a deep sense of solidarity, China's ethnic groups resemble a great national family, together building Chinese civilization.

5篇关于传统文化的英语作文

很高兴第一时间为您解答,祝学习进步。如有问题请及时,谢谢~~O(∩_∩)O

如果你认可我的回答,请及时点击【采纳为满意回答】按钮

~~手机提问的亲在客户端右上角评价点【满意】即可。

~你的采纳是我前进的动力~~

The Dragon Boat Festival is one of the most popular traditional festivals celebrated in China, which is on the fifth of the fifth lunar month, also known as Duanwu Festival.It’s said that it is to commemorate the death of a Chinese patriotic poet, Qu Yuan, who was snared by corrupt officials in ancient China and finally committed suicide by drowning himself in the Miluo River to protest against them.端午节是中国传统节日中最流行的节日之一,它是在阴历五月的第五天。据说这是为了纪念一个中国的爱国诗人屈原的死,他被中国古代腐败官员陷害最后在汨罗河投江自杀来表示抗议。

The traditions and customs held on this festival differ from place to place, but there are some common in them.First, the most famous and great tradition is holding Dragon Boat races, which are held by fishermen’s attempt to protect Qu Yuan’s body against attacking by fishes and other animals in the river by beating drums and row the dragon shaped boat.Nowadays dragon boat races have been an annual popular sport activity among people.In addition, making and eating Zongzi—a dumpling made of glutinous rice and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves—is also a popular custom during this day.It can be made by many kinds of stuffing.What’s more, hanging herbs on the front door, drinking realgar wine and pasting up picture of Zhongkui—a mythic guardian figure in ancient china—are also popular during the festival, which are mean to protect people from evil and disease.这个传统习俗不同的地方有不同的庆祝方式,但也有相同的方面。首先,最出名的传统就是举行龙舟比赛,这是由渔民们举行的,通过打鼓和划龙形的船来保护屈原的身体免受鱼类和其他动物的攻击。现在龙舟赛是人们一年一度的流行的体育活动。此外,做和吃粽子——糯米面团,包着竹叶或芦苇叶,在那一天也是 一个流行的风俗。它可以由不同种类的馅料制成。还有就是,门上挂着草药,人们喝雄黄酒,在门前张贴中国古代神话人物钟馗的图片在节日期间也是很受欢迎的,做这些的意义是保护人们免受邪恶和疾病。

These customs and traditions have been changed a little in recent years, but they still make contribution to the spread and inheritance of Chinese culture.这些习俗和传统,在最近几年已经发生了一些变化,但他们仍然为中国文化传承与传播做贡献。

中国传统文化 英语作文

这些东西都可以再网上查到!

关于长城的传说

In the north of China, there lies a 6,700-kilometer-long (4,161-mile-long) ancient wall. Now well-known as the Great Wall of China, it starts at the Jiayuguan Pass of Gansu Province in the west and ends at the Shanhaiguan Pass of Hebei Province in the east. As one of the Eight Wonders in the world, the Great Wall of China has become the symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture.

Lots of beautiful legends and stories about the Great Wall took place following along the construction, and since that time these stories have spread around the country. Those that happened during construction are abundant, such as Meng Jiangnu's story and the legend of the Jiayuguan Pass. Meng Jiangnu's story is the most famous and widely spread of all the legends about the Great Wall. The story happened during the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC). It tells of how Meng Jiangnu's bitter weeping made a section of the Great Wall collapse. Meng Jiangnu's husband Fan Qiliang was caught by federal officials and sent to build the Great Wall. Meng Jiangnu heard nothing from him after his departure, so she set out to look for him. Unfortunately, by the time she reached the great wall, she discovered that her husband had already died. Hearing the bad news, she cried her heart out. Her howl caused the collapse of a part of the Great Wall. This story indicates that the Great Wall is the production of tens of thousands of Chinese commoners.

Another legend about the Jiayuguan Pass tells of a workman named Yi Kaizhan in the Ming Dynasty (1368BC-1644BC) who was proficient in arithmetic. He calculated that it would need 99,999 bricks to build the Jiayuguan Pass. The supervisor did not believe him and said if they miscalculated by even one brick, then all the workmen would be punished to do hard work for three years. After the completion of the project, one brick was left behind the Xiwong city gate. The supervisor was happy at the sight of the brick and ready to punish them. However Yi Kaizhan said with deliberation that the brick was put there by a supernatural being to fix the wall. A tiny move would cause the collapse of the wall. Therefore the brick was kept there and never moved. It can still be found there today on the tower of the Jiayuguan Pass.

In addition to the above-mentioned stories about the construction of the Great Wall, there are also plenty of stories about current scenic spots. A famous one is the legend of the Beacon Tower. This story happened during the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-711 BC). King You had a queen named Bao Si, who was very pretty. King You liked her very much, however Bao Si never smiled. An official gave a suggestion that setting the beacon tower on fire would frighten the King's subjects, and might make the queen smile. King You liked the idea. The subjects were fooled and Bao Si smiled at the sight of the chaos. Later enemies invaded Western Zhou, King You set the beacon tower on fire to ask for help. No subjects came to help because they had been fooled once before. Thus, King Zhou was killed by the enemy and Western Zhou came to an end.

Beautiful stories and legends about the Great Wall help to keep alive Chinese history and culture. In each dynasty after the building of the Great Wall, many more stories were created and spread.

历史

No one can tell precisely when the building of the Great Wall was started but it is popularly believed that it originated as a military fortification against intrusion by tribes on the borders during the earlier Zhou Dynasty. Late in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC), the ducal states extended the defence work and built "great" structures to prevent the attacks from other states. It was not until the Qin Dynasty that the separate walls, constructed by the states of Qin, Yan and Zhao kingdoms, were connected to form a defensive system on the northern border of the country by Emperor Qin Shi Huang (also called Qin Shi Huangdi by westerners or the First Emperor). After the emperor unified the country in 214 BC, he ordered the construction of the wall. It took about ten years to finish and the wall stretched from Linzhao (in the eastern part of today's Gansu Province) in the west to Liaodong (in today's Jilin Province) in the east. The wall not only served as a defence in the north but also symbolized the power of the emperor.

From the Qin Dynasty onwards, Xiongnu, an ancient tribe that lived in North China, frequently harassed the northern border of the country. During the Han Dynasty, Emperor Wu (Han Wu Di), sent three expeditions to fight against the Xiongnu in 127 BC, 121 BC and 119 BC. The Xiongnu were driven into the far north of the Gobi. To maintain the safety of the Hexi Corridor (today's Gansu Province), the emperor ordered the extension of the Great Wall westward into the Hexi Corridor and Xinjiang region. The ruins of the beacon towers and debris of the Han Wall are still discernible in Dunhuang, Yumen and Yangguan. A recent report shows that ruins of the Han Wall have been discovered near Lopnur in China's Xinjiang region.

Further construction and extensions were made in the successive Northern Wei, Northern Qi and Sui dynasties.

The present Great Wall in Beijing is mainly remains from the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). During this period, bricks and granite were used when the workers laid the foundation of the wall and sophisticated designs and passes were built in the places of strategic importance. To strengthen the military control of the northern frontiers, the Ming authorities divided the Great Wall into nine zones and placed each under the control of a Zhen (garrison headquarters). The Ming Wall starts from Yalujiang River (in today's Heilongjiang Province), via today's Liaoning, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia provinces, to Guansu. The total length reaches 12,700 li (over 5,000 kilometers). The Shanhaiguan Pass and the Jiayuguan Pass are two well-preserved passes at either end.

Today, the Wall has become a must-see for every visitor to China. Few can help saying 'Wow!' when they stand on top of a beacon tower and look at this giant dragon. For centuries, the wall served succeeding dynasties as an efficient military defence. However, it was only when a dynasty had weakened from within that invaders from the north were able to advance and conquer. Both the Mongols (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368) and the Manchurians (Qing Dynasty, 1644-1911) were able take power because of weakness of the government and poverty of the people but never due to any possibility of weakness of the Wall.

或者

The Great Wall was first built in the Spring and Autumn Period and it have a history over 2.000 years. The Great Wall, that is called “the ten-thousand-li Great Wall”, is actually more than 6000 kilometers long, 6-7 meters high and 4-5 meters wide. Every a few hundred meters along the Great Wall there are watchtowers. We Chinese are proud of in the Great wall because it is one of the wonders in the world and it stands for China.. Today the Great Wall becomes a famous place of interest in the world. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people, not only from China from also all over the world, come to visit it.

英语作文:中国传统文化的主要内容是什么?应该如何学习中国传统文化

Carry forward the Chinese traditional culture

This week, I collected information on traditional Chinese festivals, of which my favorite is the Spring Festival. *** New Year, it is the most ceremonious traditional festival of folk. The first month in lunar calendar in retaliation, called the lunar calendar year, commonly known as "New Year", "New Year." New Year's streets are full of red lanterns, colored flags fluttering. Mall was packed with people buying New Year shopping, very lively. There are plenty of night, "Bang, bang, bang" sound of firecrackers. Each child wore a beautiful new dress. New Year, also eat rice cakes, dumplings, stickers window grilles, the character, couplets. *** Festival, the annual Lunar New Year on September 9, is an ancient Chinese traditional festival. Double Ninth Festival, also called "festival," said Chung Yeung Festival this day, people reward chrysanthemum, wear cornel, Xiejiu mountain climbing, eating Double Ninth cakes, drink chrysanthemum wine. Swim joy. *** Lantern Festival, Chinese New year's first month on the 15th, also known as the "Lantern Festival." After the Spring Festival, welcomed China's traditional festival is the Lantern Festival, on the custom of the Lantern Festival are not the same throughout the country, which eat the Lantern Festival, Flower lamp, riddles and games, dragon dance, lion dance and so on are several important Lantern Festival folk customs. *** Mid-Autumn Festival, the Lunar August 15, also known as "Autumn Festival", "Reunion", "month evening." Mid-Autumn day, the people the full moon, playing lanterns, fire dragon dance, eat moon cake. There are many legends on the moon and in the Mid-Autumn Moon, Rabbit pound medicine, Wu Gang felling and Guangxi. *** China's traditional festival is really colorful, it is the Chinese culture. Traditional festivals include: Dragon Boat Festival, Ching Ming Festival, Tanabata Festival. These festivals also brings us joy and happiness, so we have to remember that these festivals, and always inherited down. China's traditional culture is a glorious ancient culture, as our generation's effort to vigorously carry forward the traditional culture of China

体现中国传统文化的英语作文(五分钟,有中文翻译)

,世代相传。“博大”是说中国传统文化的广度---丰富多彩,“精深”是说中国传统文化的深度---高深莫测。有五千年的历史。

3,历史悠久,民族特色。中国的传统文化是中国特有的,与世界上其他民族文化不同,总的来说变化不大。

2。中国的传统文化在某些短暂的历史时期内有所中断,在不同的历史时期或多或少的有所改变,但是大体上没有中断过。

4,博大精深

s one culture without interruption. Generally speaking, it has not changed much.National Characteristic.More or less,it has changed in different historical periods.China'.Extensive and Profound.“Extensive” refers to Chinese traditional cultur's traditional culture )

1.From Generation to Generation. China'试译如下;“Profound”means Chinese traditional cultur's depth—unfathomable,but on the whole it'.

参考资料.

2;s breadth—rich and colorful;s traditional culture is unique to China,which is different from other nations'.

3.A Long History.It has 5000 years of history.

4,仅供参考:

Chinese traditional culture(or China's traditional culture has been interrupted in some short historical periods

and continue from generation to generation. "And", said the Chinese traditional culture is the breadth - rich and colorful.

2 and national characteristics. Chinese traditional culture is unique to China, and other ethnic cultures in the world.

3, has a long history. Five thousand years of history.

4 and profound. China's traditional culture in some brief period in history has interrupt, in different historical periods of more or less change, but generally without interruption, overall, "intensive&quot

1. Passing on from generation to generation. Chinese traditional culture may be interruppted in certain transient period,more or less changed during different historical periods, but on the whole, China maintained its cultural tradition without letup or obvious change.

2.National indentity. Chinese traditional culture is unique, different from other cultures in the world.

3.A long history. With five thousand years of history

4.Extensive and profound. Extensive is the breadth of Chinese culture---rich and varied, profound is the depth of Chinese culture---unfathomable

统文化的广度

英语作文150字:你怎样看待中国传统文化。不要写得太好的,中等水平就好,打出来,我复制黏贴,谢谢

The Culture of China is home to one of the world's oldest and most complex civilizations. China boasts a history rich in over 5,000 years of artistic, philosophical, political, and scientific advancement. Though regional differences provide a sense of diversity, commonalities in language and religion connect a culture distinguished by such significant contributions such as Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of Imperial China's history and strongly influenced other countries in East Asia. Mastery of Confucian texts provided the primary criterion for entry into the imperial bureaucracy.

中国文化是世界上最古老、最复杂的文明之一。中国有着5000多年的艺术、哲学、政治和科学发展的丰富历史。尽管地域差异提供了一种多样性的感觉,但语言和宗教的共同性将一种以儒家和道教等重要贡献为特征的文化联系在一起。儒学是中国帝国历史上大部分时期的官方哲学,并对东亚其他国家产生了强烈的影响。对儒家文本的掌握是进入帝王官僚机构的首要标准。更多

With the rise of Western economic and military power beginning in the mid-19th century, Western systems of social and political organization gained adherents in China. Some of these would-be reformers rejected China's cultural legacy, while others sought to combine the strengths of Chinese and Western cultures. 19世纪中叶,随着西方经济和军事力量的崛起,西方社会政治组织体系在中国得到了越来越多的拥护者。这些可能的改革者中,有些人拒绝接受中国的文化遗产,而另一些人则试图将中西文化的力量结合起来。

China is a unified nation consisting of many different ethnic groups. Fifty-six different ethnic groups make up the great Chinese national family. Because the Han people accounts for more than ninety percent of China's population, the remaining fifty-five groups are generally referred to as "ethnic minorities." Next to the majority Han, the Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, and Uygur peoples comprise the largest ethnic groups. Although China's ethnic minorities do not account for a large portion of the population, they are distributed over a vast area, residing in every corner of China. 中国是一个统一的民族,由许多不同的民族组成。56个不同的民族组成了伟大的中国民族大家庭.由于汉族占中国人口的百分之九十以上,剩下的五十五个群体一般被称为“少数民族”。除汉族外,蒙古族、回族、藏族和维吾尔族是最大的民族。中国的少数民族虽然不占人口的很大一部分,但他们分布在广大的地区,居住在中国的每一个角落。

Particularly since the implementation of China's opening and reform policy, the central government has increased investment in minority areas and accelerated their opening to the outside world. This has resulted in an upsurge of economic development in these areas. Each of China's ethnic minority groups possesses a distinctive culture. The Chinese government respects minority customs, and works to preserve, study, and collate the cultural artifacts of China's ethnic minority groups. The government vigorously supports the development of minority culture and the training of minority cultural workers, and fosters the development of traditional minority medicine. 特别是改革开放以来,中央政府加大了对少数民族地区的投资力度,加快了民族地区对外开放的步伐。这导致了这些地区经济发展的高潮。中国各少数民族都有自己独特的文化。中国政府尊重少数民族的风俗习惯,致力于保存、研究和整理中国少数民族的文物。政府大力支持少数民族文化的发展和少数民族文化工作者的培养,促进少数民族传统医学的发展。

The relation among China's ethnic groups can be described as "overall integration, local concentration, mutual interaction." Concentrations of ethnic minorities reside within predominantly Han areas, and the Han people also reside in minority areas, indicating that there has been extensive exchanges among China's ethnic groups since ancient times. With the development of the market economy, interaction among ethnic groups has become even more active in the areas of government, economics, culture, daily life, and marriage. Linked by interdependence, mutual assistance, and joint development, their common goals and interests creating a deep sense of solidarity, China's ethnic groups resemble a great national family, together building Chinese civilization.

中国各民族之间的关系可以说是“整体融合、局部集中、相互作用”。少数民族聚居在以汉族为主的地区,汉族也居住在少数民族地区,这表明中国各民族自古以来就有着广泛的交流。随着市场经济的发展,各民族之间在政府、经济、文化、日常生活、婚姻等方面的互动更加活跃。中国各民族相互依存、相互帮助、共同发展,共同的目标和利益造就了深厚的团结意识,中国各民族就像一个伟大的民族大家庭,共同建设中华文明。